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Takht Sahib - seats of Sikh's autority
Takht Sri Sachkhand Sahib





Takht Sri Sachkhand Sahib

Guru Gobind Singh left Delhi for the south to meet Bahadur Shah and aprise him of the situaton. He was keen that the persons responsible for hte cold-blooded murder of his sons should be punished. Afer the third day of hs departure from delhi, he reached Mathura and halted at Suraj Kund, on the banks of the Yamuna. Then, he reached Agra. He was given a robe of honour along with a jeweled scraf worth sixty thousand rupees. The Emperor requested the Guru to stay with him for some time.

The Guru had been harbouring a desire for a long time time that Wazir Khan, The Governor of Sirhind, be punished for his misdeeds. And, when the Guru expressed his wish the Emperor was taken aback and was upset but did not give any reply to the Guru. When the Guru insisted, he told him that he would decide the matter after discussing it with his ministers. He also requested the Guru to accompany him on his march towards Rajasthan. But he declined the offer as he felt that the acceptance of the offer would mean the forgoing of his cherished ideal of bringing about an era of liberty and that he would be reduced to the position of a mere chieftain.

When the Emperor was about to leave , he again requested the Guru to accompany him. The Guru was sore at the Emperor for not punishing Wazir Khan. The Emperor marched to Rajasthan and the Guru stayed behind at Agra. Later, he overlook the Emperor and in due course reached Burhanpur. When they reachd Nanded they parted company. Guru Gobind Singh was now fully convinced that Bahadur Shah did not have the courage to take action against the wrongdoers. He, therefore, decided to stay at Nanded and the Emperor proceeded further. The Guru had reached there in September 1708.

Nanded formerly in Hyderabad State abd ow in Maharashtra, is situated on the bank of river Godavari. The Guru selected a serene and beautiful spot on the river bank and pitched his tent. Thousands of people from all part of the country flocked to him, seeking spiritual light and guidance from him. The Guru gave sermons to the people and conferred them with Namdan.

While staying at Nanded, Guru Gobind Singh spent, most of his time in meditation and gave sermons to the people. He spent his day as ususal, getting up early in the morning, taking his bath and reciting Japji and other hymns from Sri Guru Granth Sahib. It seems the Guru kenw that his end was fast approaching.

On September 18,1708, a young and well built Pathan, Jasmaid Khan, sent by the Viceroy of Sirhind, Wazir Khan, came to the Guru as he was about to deliver sermon to a big congregation. When the Guru started his sermon the Pathan gave a piece of paper to the Guru, which it is understood, was a letter of introduction from some Muslim friend of the Guru. It is also said that the parents of the Pathan were intimately known to the Guru. The Guru showed him due courtesy and gave him a place of honour in his darbar. The Pathan was delighted at this treatment at this treatment and bowed his head before the Guru. The Guru gave him five gold coins and some money ot meeyt his day-to-day expenditure during his stay at Nanded. Nobody, not even the Guru had any suspicion about the real intentions of the Pathan. As the Guru gave him special treatment , others Sikhs also began to show repect to him and he was allowed to move freely wherever he liked.

Next day again, the Pathan came to the Guru's darbar and was allowed to go near the Guru. Parshad was given to him which the Pathan took gladly and ate at once without any hesitation. He thus tried to esatablish his bona fides with the Guru and his followers. He sat in the Guru's darbar for quite some time and listened function. He looked for an opportunity to stab the Guru but could not get a chance. He bowed before the Guru, got his blessings and went away. No suspicion was aroused and the Guru retired to his tent as usual.

On September 20,1708 , the Pathan once again visited the Guru's darbar and remained there for a much longer time than before. He pretended that he was great devotee of the Guru and had come all the way from Punjab to Nended to seek Namdan. After the congregatoion was over, the Guru went to his tent as usual for relaxation. Devoted disciples of the Guru also retired to their tents. The attendant of the Guru was feeling sleepy. The Guru went to bed and within minutes, the Pathan followed him; he reverently nowed before the Guru and behaved extremely courteously. The Guru raised his head to bless him. The Pathan then took out his dagger and struck the Guru. The Guru had no other weapon with him except the Kirpan. By the time he unsheathed it, the Pathan gave him another bow. The Guru thrust his kirpan into the abdomen of the Pathan and killed him on the spot. On hearing the noise, the bodyguards of the Guru chased the companion of the Pathan who was waiting outside with a horse, caught him and killed him.

The Guru was undisturbed and unmoved. His ever beaming face shone as before. A close disciple of the Guru entered the tent and saw there a stream of blood. When word went round the Guru's camp, gloom was cast all over and everybody was shocked. The Sikhs were bewildered as the shock was sudden and grave. Immediately, the Guru's wounds were bandaged; then after some time Emperor Bahadur Shah sent his European surgeon, Cole , to dress the Guru's wunds. The wounds was sitched by the surgeon with great skill. The Guru was completely healed in about 15 days. He then started attending his darbar again and so did his innumerable devotees, who sought his blessings . After a couple of days a devotee of the Guru presented him a beautiful bow abd the Guru tried to bend it. The wound got unstiched and the Guru again started bledding rather profusely. Bahadur Shah then sent two envoys to inquire about the Guru's health and they reported that the Guru was pregressing well.

On October 6,1708, the Guru heard the final call of the Lord. The time had come for him to leave his earthly abode and go to his eternal home. He spent the day as usual, meditating and praying to the Lord. His wordly sojourn was going to end. The Guru wore a clean and attractive dress. He performed the ardas and got himself ready as if going to the battlefield. He slung a bow in his shoulder and took a musket in his right hand. Then he rode the horse and bade good-buy to the Sikhs and went into a closed tent. He had already ordered his devotees to prepare a bier for him. Only one of the devotees was allowed to enter the tent. The Sikhs stood outside in sorrow. Inside the tent, when one quarter of the night still remained the Guru went into trance and gracefully laid himself on the bier. Later, five payaras were allowed inside the tent. The Guru's earthly remains were turned into ashes. His physical body was all gone but his spirit still pervades the world. The day was October 7, 1708.

When the Emperor heard the news of the departure of the Guru to his heavenly abode, he gave a Matmi Khilat, Robe of Reverence to the Guru. When some of his officials counselled him to confiscate the Guru's property, the Emperor replied that it was the property of the darvesh ot which he had no right or claim.

It may also be started that when the Guru felt that his end was approaching, he made this known to the Sikhs. As was natural, there was sorrow and gloom all over. The Sikhs did not know who would be their spiritual Guru after him. They had benefited from the spiritual guidance of the ten Gurus for many years, but now after Guru Gobind Singh, who would pilot their ship of destiny.

To seek guidance the Sikhs went to the Guru and said when he was alive, they not only enjoyed the benefit of the presence but also got inspiration from him to fight against tyranny and injustice. Who would guide them in future? they enquired., The Guru replied that the will of God was supreme. He who was born must face death on day. Night followed day and the time passed on. Immortal God alone did not perish; all other living beings, however great and exalted, must depart one day from the world. Everybody had to leave this perishable world. The world which was composed of five elements was destined to become a prey to death when the material frame would perish. The Creator alone was Immortal. Brahma, Vishnu, Shiva and other also perished when their time came. Therefore, they should not care for their fragile bodies. Light of the Lord would always shine. They should abide by His will cheerfully and should not mourn at all. Human beings who were proud and committed evil deeds day and night would always remain unhappy. They would fall into the pit of hell. The Guru was born to lead them to salvation and deliverance and he bestowed the true Name of God on them. Those who obeyed the instruction of the Guru would be saved from the perils of the world. When the Guru saw human beings suffering and yearning for truth and happiness, he blessed them, bestowed Nam on them and helped them to get out of their suffering . The Sikhs who loved the Guru, were loved by him immensely. The Khalsa should always remember the True Name of God. The Guru had shown them the way to be sovereign and independednt. Those who had died for the sake of dharma in the battlefield would attain salvation. Those who remembered the true Name of God would make their lives sublime and when they depart from this world they would enter the home of eternal bliss and happiness.

The Sikhs heaved a sign of relief but still they enquired as to who would be their future Guru. The Guru placed five pice and coconut before holy Granth Sahib, bowed before it and said.

"The Eternal Father willed and I raised the panth, All my Sikhs are hereby ordained to accept The Granth as their preceptor Have faith in the holy Granth as your Master and consider it the visible manifestation of the Guru GURU He who hath a pure heart will seek Guidance from its holy words."

Then the Guru told Sikhs not to grieve at his depature. It was true that they would not see his body in physical form. But he would be ever present among his Khalsa. Whenever they needed his guidance and counsel they should assemble before the holy Granth in all sincerity and decide their future line of action in the light of the teaching of the Masters embodied in the holy Granth. When Sikhs remembered him with pure heart and mind, he would be in their midst. They should not love and cherish the noble ideals of the Gurus.

The departing words of the Guru soothed the Sikhs and they bowed before the Will of God. The Guru ordained the Sikhs to worship and seek new light from the holy Granth which would guide and rescue humanity from miseries, sorrows and sufferings. In future Sri Guru Granth Sahib would be their Guru.

At the site where the Guru breathed his last was built a gurdwara between 1832 and 1837 under instruction from Maharaja Ranjit Singh. It is called Sachkhand Sri Hazur Abchal Nagar Sahib. It is a two storeyed building whose architecture and design resembles that of the Golden Temple, Amritsar. Its interior is artistically ornamented in the style of Hari Mandir, Amritsar. The walls of the inner room called Angitha Sahib, have been covered with golden plates. On the first floor, recitation of Sri Guru Granth Sahib goes on day and night. The dome on top is cement-polished and on the pinnacle is the Kalas made of gold plated copper.

Some of the sacred relics of Guru Gobind Singh are also preserved here. They are: a golden dagger which was taken out from the cremation pyre; a match lock gun, an archer with 35 arrows, two bows, a steel shield studded with precious stones, a sword studded with precious stones, a peshkabz with golden handle, an iron fork, a purse containing a comb and hair, a trisul shaped weapon, two feet long. iron Chakra, a sword, big, long and wide called tega, gurj and five golden swords.

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